Laparoscopic cholecystectomy informed consent obtained illegally by fraud, deception and concealment.

During the late 1980’s operative treatment for gallstones were challenged by alternative treatment. Over the past several decades’ nonsurgical treatment of gallbladder stones were evaluated and gained some popularity, these included the following: Oral medical dissolution Percutaneous cholecystostomy with stone extraction Percutaneous or transnasal topical solvent dissolution Extracorporeal sh...

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The laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered the “gold standard” for the treatment of gallstones and low gallbladder function and consider having no lasting side effects and can live a normal life after having your gallbladder removed Contrary to this popular medical advice given to patients, there is not a single long term medical study carried on […]